Land tenure security at the service of social peace and the development of the African continent
IGN France International attended a land conference organized by the International Union of Notaries (UINL) on January 25th and 26th at Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso).
The topic of the regional seminar « Land tenure security at the service of social peace and the development of the African continent » was an opportunity to focus on the importance of the land title as a factor of economic growth and social stability.
A land title aimed at securing the property rights of its owner, as he cannot be, in principle, evicted from its land any longer. Therefore, he can invest and exploit its land securely.
The seminar was also the opportunity to recall the importance of a strong political will that provides the impetus of change at the highest level of state and makes the land title easier and cheaper to obtain.
Several countries like Ghana, Peru, Argentina, Brazil and Burkina Faso shared their own experiences.
IGN France International presented its currently led project in Uganda based on the setting up and the implementation of a land information system (LIS) in six pilot districts.
In addition to the presentation of the project main progresses, it was the opportunity to focus on the importance of the preparation phase as a key factor of success.
The implementation of a land information system is a first step towards land tenure security because it contributes to rationalize and organize the existing land information (maps, orthophotographies, cadastral maps, titles…). The simple fact of highlighting the disputed plots contributes to the improvement of the land administration legal framework..
The Land Information System will very easily demonstrate that several titles correspond to the same plot that is obviously much more difficult to detect in a paper form and manually managed system.
Consequently a land information system is a precious tool for the Ministry in charge of land issues.
Another advantage of a land information system is that it makes the land registration process easier, transparent and then trustable for the local people.
However, such tool as performing and powerful as it can be, would not be efficient unless effective land administration strategies are undertaken by States.
Making the disputed plots more visible does not mean that the conflicts are solved. Still, it appears necessary that the institutions in charge of the land matters find out the origins of the conflicts and bring sustainable and reliable solutions.
The review of existing documents (titles, transactions…) from a legal point of view, that progressively enrich the land information system, is an essential stage that is unfortunately too often neglected.
More on the LIS project in Uganda